Does God play a role in assigning karmas in an individual’s life?
If He does then a karma can be classified as fate or a predetermined destiny. In that case our freedom to create events is either restricted or controlled. The divine intervention and direction both in its predestined agenda and in producing consequence discourage an autonomous approach to undertake an action.
But, according to Advaita Vedanta, a school of Hindu studies, only the result or harvest of an action is governed by Him based on the merits and demerits of the activity. The outcome of an action may be instant or delayed. This rebound could be anytime during the life span of an individual. Or, for those who believe in reincarnation, the next life can experience the karmic reaction.
As per this theology whereas God is responsible in the selection and the delivery of rewards, the principal responsibility to create an event and executing it lies with an individual.
NEWTON’S LAW OF MOTION
In contrast, arguing about total release of karma from divinity, the Mimamsa school unequivocally rejects the involvement of the Supreme. Known for its philosophies based on hermeneutics, meaning critical interpretation, the Mimamsa is a pioneer Hindu thought of realism and is forerunner to Vedanta.
Mimamsa argues the causation is natural. And it is sufficient to induce ultimate result. Accordingly, it is a futile exercise to engage divinity to initiate the cause and determine its outcome.
The ancient Mimamsa school of thought finds a common ground and relevancy in contemporary Hindu thought on the concept of karma. Moreover, it identifies its logical relationship with science.
Newton’s law of motion that every action leads to a reaction, is an application of the law of Karma. There is karma going on in an atom, molecule and the nature. As a matter of fact the entire universe is in a state of karma. (Excerpts from Hinduism Beyond Rituals, Customs And Trditions)