by Frank Hazur
While Sikhs celebrate Vaisakhi across India; rest of India wonders if it is about doing Bhangra and dancing. No, it is not; Vaisakhi holds a lesson for all Indians.
So the day 13 April 1699, in a congregation of people from across India were standing there listening to their Guru, Gobind Rai. Gobind Rai asked for human sacrifice of five men one after the other.
Five men from different castes from different parts of India stood up from a crowd of thousands.
– A shopkeeper Baniya called Daya Ram from Lahore
– A Tarkhan carpenter called Dharam Das from Meerut
– A so called low-caste water carrier called Himmat Rai from Jagannath Puri, Odisha
– A tailor of Cheemba caste called Mukham Chand from Dwarka, Gujarat
– A barber of Naai caste called Sahib Chand from Bidar, Karnataka
With his choice of disciples from five different corners of India, Gobind Rai visualised the national dream from the coast of Gujarat along Western Arabian Sea to coasts of Odisha along the Bay of Bengal; from the great Plains of Punjab to the the Gangetic Plain and then to the Deccan peninsula covering Karnataka.
Do not forget that at that time, all these were separate states; it was Guru Gobind Singh that thought of all of them as one. This day Baisakhi 1699.
With the choice of disciples from five different caste-groups, he visualised an integrated class-less society.
The five were christened as the first five Khalsa Sikhs, and the five in turn christened their Guru as the sixth. Gobind Rai was now Gobind Singh.
All caste names and surnames were dropped, and a common surname was proposed for all Indians across India; a surname that denoted a caste-less, class-less creed of men willing to sacrifice themselves for the nation and against injustice.
And the swaroop he chose for the class-less people was an amalgmation of the ancient Indian thought of Rishis (as mentioned by Guru Gobind Singh in the Sarbloh Granth) and the Kshatriya tradition of Warriors, hence the Jooda, the hairs and the Talwar.
The concept of Miri-Piri was coded in the dress-system of this new society envisioned by him. A group of people who were strong in Miri (Physical Strength and material possessions) and Piri (Spiritual Strength and humility)
So, the five so called lower castes were given the temporal strength of a Rishi (a Brahmin citadel till now) and the Physical responsibilities of a Kshatriya (a duty till then limited to the Rajputs).
This motley group of people uprooted Afghan and Mughal rule from entire North India from the Yamuna to the Khyber pass, such was the power of the vision.
And this was the Indian that he envisioned from five corners of HIS nation. Guru Gobind Singh was a visionary par excellence. His vision has been diluted and limited to Sikhism, that is the travesty.
Awake India, awake to his vision. Leave those caste barriers, acquire knowledge, be strong in body and be a Khalsa in spirit. Your religion doesn’t matter. Khalsa is a state of mind, not just a religion.
(Frank Hazur is editor of Socialist Factor magazine, Lucknow, India)
One Comment Add yours
Thanks Promod Sir for teaching us the significance of Baisakhi with Guru Gobind Rai efforts for a classless society and diluting human prejudices. It holds relevant today in the face of mob culture and threat to the human race with attacks against people of lower castes and religious minorities/
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